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Home The RAF2000 RAF2000 Design Inovations

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Design Innovations

Quality By Design

The essences of quality are seen in each RAF manufactured component that makes this high performance aircraft. This quality is found in the impeccable precision found in all the 6061-T6 aluminium components in the airframe and controls, which make up the RAF 2000. Critical, precision-fit components such as the gimble head, reduction drive, control system, as well as the Subaru engine are supplied to the customer as pre-finished quality components ready for installation.

From the rotor blades with their mirror gloss finish to the smartly finished interiors with custom made seat covers in colour and fabric personally chosen by each owner to personalize their aircraft with their creative flare. The precision-fit components may be further personalized with red, gold, black or blue anodising for a maintenance free finish that enhances the look and longevity of the completed aircraft.

The RAF 2000 comprises the highest quality most complete kit available in the market today. Copied or modified by some to try and capture the original appeal, when a knock off just won't do The RAF 2000 is the essence of quality refound.

Design Innovations Of The RAF 2000 Gyroplane

Rotary Air Force SA (RAFSA) has dedicated countless hours of research and development to ensure that our clients receive a very controllable, user-friendly aircraft. The following is a brief history about the evolution of the RAF 2000 Gyroplane from an open frame aircraft to the fully enclosed, side-by-side, two-place aircraft that you see today on the flight lines and in the air. You will also find that there are some comparisons between the RAF 2000 Gyroplane and other gyroplanes that are currently available.

Two-Part Mast System

Many of the gyroplane designers copied the early basic design of the 2x2" mast. Or opted for a rigid mast configuration. The mast had the engine mounted at some point between gimble head and keel. The thrust line became a pivot like a teeter-totter. Provided that the dynamic weight of the rotor was equal to the weight of the pilot and fuel, then the aircraft flew quit nicely. However, the rotors are always changing in lift and drag. As the drag increased, the mast would bend back. As the air equalized in the rotor disc, the drag reduced. This allowed the mast to spring back to its normal spot. This caused all kinds of control issues for the new pilots.

RAF discarded this 2x2" tube, and replaced it with the more robust and rigid 2x4" mast. The 2x4" mast, (now the engine pylon) is about 48" long, and extends about 6" over the pilot's head. The upper part of this 2x4" tube is stuffed with a dressed piece of hardwood. Two holes are drilled through the tube and wood, spaced about 8" apart. A rubber bushing is inserted through the top hole and a center of gravity adjuster in the bottom hole. Two cheek plates (2x4" x 3/16" x 36") are attached to the sides of the mast with two -AN 36 bolts extending through one plate, the rubber bushing in the mast, and out through the other plate. The second bolt goes through one plate into the patented C of G adjuster and out through the second plate. The gimble head is then attached to these cheek plates. The rotor mast (cheek plates) could now flex back and forth and side-to-side independently as the rotor blades moved in flight.

Push Tube Configuration

Unlike the "other\" gyroplanes on the market today, the push tubes on the RAF gyroplane are out in front of the gimble head at an opposing angle to the mast. Why put the push tubes at an opposing angle to the mast? This is done to stop resonant vibration in the control push tubes. The push tubes are put into tension when the pilot makes a control input to descend, thus the push tubes cannot bend slightly and resonant vibrations do not like to travel down an opposing angle. When the RAF pilot makes a control input to descend or to correct a slight pitch up, only one thing happens, the gyroplane descends in a controllable attitude. The push tubes do not spring straight - the thrust line does not change. It is a controllable descent, even in a high-speed environment.

On the RAF gyroplane, the push tubes are at an opposing angle (out the front of the head), thus when a wind gust or unstable air hits the rotor disc the cheek plates flex back slightly causing the push tubes to hold down on the front of the torque tube this prevents large changes in the rotor blades angle of attach to the forward motion. The same holds true for a descent. This action reduces the movement of the rotor lift vector with relation to the C of G of the aircraft.

The RAF 2000 Gyroplane push tubes are also SPLIT at midpoint. This split push tube control system was incorporated so that any vibration would stop at midpoint and not affect the lower control yoke going into the joystick. The split push tube design also allows the owner to be able to fold down the mast for transportation or storage.

Rotor Stabilator (Patent Pending)

RAF introduced this latest innovation at Air Venture Oshkosh, Wisconsin 2003. See the Detailed Technical Write-up, which includes specifications and photography

Robinson R-22 Comparison

 

RAF2000GTX - SE

Robinson R-22

Maximum Airspeed

120 MPH

118 MPH

Maximum Cruise

90 MPH

110 MPH

Maximum Range

340 miles

200 Miles

Fuel Consumption G.P.H.

6 G.P.H.

8 - 10 G.P.H.

Rate of Climb

1500 ft/min

1000 ft/min

Maximum Ceiling

14000 ft

14000 ft

Empty Weight

800 lbs

855 lbs

Gross Weight

1540 lbs

1370 lbs

Useful Load

740 lbs

515 lbs

Cost

$39,388 CAD

$185,000 US

Actual performance may vary depending on wind and weight conditions.

*Please Note: This comparison was done in 2005